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As breast milk is the best food source for the specific needs of infants, The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends six months of exclusive breastfeeding. Furthermore, European regulations forbid advertising by infant milk producers about milk for newbonrs up to 6 months.

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From 4 months - Diversification

The right quantities of foods for baby

Dietary diversification is a new experience, and each baby lives it at his own rhythm. It is indispensable to listen to baby in order to adapt his diet to his appetite, his needs and his tastes.


In this article, we’ll discuss the quantities of the different foods recommended according to age. Bear in mind that these quantities will usually serve you as guidelines. It’s up to you to adapt them to your baby.


 


Objectives to reach 


Infant milk and milk products


Baby’s dairy intake should be at least 500 ml per day from 6 months to 1 year. From time to time, you may complete a part of the ration of your baby’s breast milk or formula with a milk product: yogurt, cheese, petit Suisse…


125 ml glass of cow milk = 15 g of cheese = 60 g of petit Suisse = 1 yogurt = 100 g of white cheese.


  1.      Meats, fish and eggs

Once a day is sufficient.


  •         From 6 months: 10 g of meat or fish per day (2 teaspoons) or ¼ hard-boiled egg

  •         From 8 months: 20 g of meat or fish per day (4 tsp.) or 1/3 hard-boiled egg

  •         From 12 months: 30 g of meat or fish per day (6 tsp.) or ½ hard-boiled egg


 


  1.      Oils and fats

Essential fatty acids are necessary for the development of your baby’s nervous system. In order to meet his needs, it is recommended to add a little oil or fat to his purees, in the form of a dab of butter or a teaspoon of vegetable oil such as canola oil (which is particularly rich in omega 3).


 


Indicative objectives 


For the following objectives, all you need do is observe the signs of satiety of your child. He’ll know how to tell you what the right quantity is for him.


  1.      Fruits and vegetables

There is no minimum quantity to reach. Begin with a few spoonfuls which you’ll progressively increase. Between 4 and 6 months, you can give 60 to 120 g per day for fruits and 120 to 250 g per day for vegetables.


 


  1.      Infant cereals and other starches

1 to 2 teaspoons of infant cereals in his bottle can be sufficient to satiate your baby if he has a big appetite. When you begin to evolve the texture of his meals [LINK TO ARTICLE ON TEXTURES], you may introduce 1 to 2 tablespoons of starches to his plate.


  1.      Drinks

Water is the only drink which baby needs. It should accompany baby’s meals whenever he desires. Remember to offer him water regularly whenever the weather is hot.


 


Quantities to limit 


Your baby doesn’t need salt before the age of 3 years. It’s important to remember not to salt his homemade meals.


As for sugar, it should be limited, even your baby's entitled to his pleasure! But, there is no need to sweeten a fruit puree.


Your baby naturally knows how to eat just what he needs to eat; let him guide you!


 


Sources:


Fewtrell, M. Bronsky, J. Campoy, C. “et col.” Complementary Feeding: A Position Paper by the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Committee on Nutrition. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, 2017


- OMS, Principes directeurs pour l’alimentation complémentaire de l’enfant allaité au sein, 2003


- Laurence Pernoud, J’élève mon enfant, Edition 2016


- PNNS: Le guide nutrition des enfants et ados pour tous les parents, Edition 2015

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