Diversification is a new experience, and each baby experiences it at their own pace. Listening is essential to adapt the diet to your appetite, needs and tastes.
Let's take stock of the amounts of different foods recommended based on age. Keep in mind that these amounts should most often serve as a benchmark. It's up to you to adapt them to your baby.
Benchmarks to reach
- Infant milk and dairy products
Baby's milk intake should reach at least 500 ml per day from 6 months to a year. From time to time, you will be able to supplement part of your mother's or infant's milk ration with a dairy product: yogurt, cheese, Swiss cheese, etc.
A 125 ml glass of cow's milk = 15g of cheese = 60g of Swiss cheese = 1 yogurt = 100 g of white cheese.
- Meat, fish and eggs
Just once a day is enough.
- From 6 months: 10 g of meat or fish per day (2 teaspoons) or ¼ of hard-boiled egg
- From 8 months: 20 g of meat or fish per day (4 tsp) or 1/3 of hard-boiled egg
- From 12 months: 30 g of meat or fish per day (6 tsp) or ½ hard-boiled egg
- Fatty substances
Essential fatty acids are necessary for the development of your baby's nervous system. To meet its needs, it is recommended to add a little fat in its purees, in the form of a knob of butter or a teaspoon of vegetable oil such as rapeseed oil (particularly rich in Omega 3).
For the following benchmarks, simply observe your child's signs of satiety. He will be able to dictate the right amount for you.
- Fruits and vegetables
There is no minimum quantity to reach. Start with a few spoonfuls which you will gradually increase. Between 4 and 6 months, and depending on your pediatrician, you can give between 60 and 120 g per day for fruits and 120 and 250 g per day for vegetables.
- Infant cereals and other starchy foods
1 to 2 teaspoons of infant cereal in the bottle can be enough to stall your baby if he is greedy. When you change the texture of his meals, you can add 1 to 2 tablespoons of starchy foods to his plate.
Water is the only drink baby needs. She must accompany baby meals at her request. However, remember to offer it regularly in hot weather.
The quantities to be limited
Your baby does not need salt before the age of 3. So you have to be careful not to salt your homemade dishes.
As for sugar, it should be limited even though babies are also entitled to their pleasure foods! On the other hand, it is useless to sweeten a fruit compote for example.
Your baby naturally knows how to eat just what he needs, let him guide you!
Fewtrell, M. Bronsky, J. Campoy, C. « et col. » Complementary Feeding: A Position Paper by the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Committee on Nutrition. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, 2017
- OMS, Principes directeurs pour l’alimentation complémentaire de l’enfant allaité au sein, 2003
- Laurence Pernoud, J’élève mon enfant, Edition 2016
- PNNS : Le guide nutrition des enfants et ados pour tous les parents, Edition 2015